Every employee in India has certain legal rights. With the help of these rights, employees are protected from discrimination on the basis of age, sex, caste, religion etc. These are to safeguard the interests of the employees.
Although there are many rules related to employees, but all the rules do not apply to every employee. But there are 8 basic rights that every employee has. Today we will learn about 8 such basic legal rights. Rights against
The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention) Act, 2013 makes it mandatory for all employers to protect female employees from any form of sexual harassment at the workplace. It is mandatory for all offices, hospitals, institutions and other establishments to constitute an internal complaints committee. If a woman employee makes a complaint related to sexual harassment at the workplace, then this committee investigates it.
Right to Insurance
Every employee has the right to be insured by the employer under the Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948. In the event of any kind of injury or miscarriage during employment, the benefit of insurance will be given.
Every female employee is entitled to 26 weeks of maternity leave. Salary will not be deducted for this leave. The objective of the Maternity Benefit Act is to protect the interests of pregnant women employees at the workplace. Every employee has the right
to leave , privileged leave, casual leave, sick leave, maternity leave to women employees.
His salary will not be deducted for these holidays.
Right to go on strike
Employees have the right to go on strike without giving any notice. If the employee is a public utility employee, then he has to follow the restrictions mentioned in the Industrial Disputes Act 1947. As per section 22(1) of this act, a public utility employee is required to give six weeks notice before going on such strike.
Fixed working hours
Under the Shops and Establishment Act, work can be done for a maximum of 9 hours a day and 48 hours in a week. There is no discrimination between managerial and non-managerial employees under this law. The working hours may be increased to 54 hours in a week by giving prior notice to the Inspector but the overtime shall not exceed 150 hours in a year.
Right to Equal Pay for Equal Work
Equal pay for equal work is a constitutional right. No employer can discriminate on the basis of sex, caste or age. Employees performing the same job, same responsibility also have the right to get equal pay.
It is a retirement benefit scheme available to all salaried employees. Under the law, both the employer and the employee have to contribute 12% of the basic salary as PF. The employer has to maintain the Employee Provident Fund (EPF).